|Posted by Naela Quadri Baloch on October 10, 2012 at 6:40 AM|
Baloch Liberation Charter
This Charter is a great hope for Baloch masses now we can see light at the end of the dark tunnel, now we know for what exactly we are sacrificing our today. Our children shall not be bound in chains of tribal hierarchy and biases of class, gender, and religion. It is a valuable instrument for all of us for lobbying with international powers. Few additions and corrections can make it even more wonderful some of them are suggested as below. Hope Baloch masses will take all possible benefit from the Charter of Liberation.
1-In the first part “Prologue” Baloch history starts since 1666 but indeed our unique history is recorded since 9000 BC the Mehrgarh, Baloch is the creator and preserver of the first urban civilization on earth that gave the first wheel, agriculture, chemistry, geometry, town planning and much more, that was a society of peace and had highest respect for women as a matrilineal society. People of the world have right to know these facts before making an opinion about Baloch and setting expectations for our future country of Balochistan.
2- Historic connection of Kurd and Baloch with same blood and bones must be endorsed in the Charter. This pride reality has many aspects for mutual support and coordination on strong genetic bases.
Following is suggested to include in Prologue:
“Balochs are one of the most blessed people on earth by all means; our vast country from central Asia till the Baloch Sea in Indian Ocean is full of the most precious treasures materially and spiritually. We are one of the richest nations in the world if we assess our assets of gold, oil, gas, Uranium, and precious stones. We own the longest coast in Asia 1700 km on the opening of strait of Hurmag (Hurmuz) till Karachi. Our pearl like clean sea waters are full of world’s largest prawns, dolphins, sharks, whales, huge size green turtles called living dinosaurs, and other marine life. Millions of years ago the great land of Balochistan was lush with greenery and jungles where lot of food was available this was dinosaurs age. Complete skeleton of one of those dinosaurs was found in Dera Bugti Balochistan, research by the archeologists and zoologists have proved that ancestors of present horses of Balochistan were those dinosaurs named as Balochi Therium. Life is flowing here from pre history till today in a sequence there is not a single evidence of any irrelevance. The whole of Baloch Kurd landscape is full of archeological sites that show our wonderful past and our contribution in human civilization. Mehrgarh is the jewel of Shaal civilization where the very basic tools of human civilization were invented like wheal and expression by writing in symbols called proto writing, and many other inventions in Mehrgarh were used thousands of years later in other civilizations. Wheal is known as the foundation of civilization, as its invention made transportation traveling easy and speedy, pottery manufacture more developed and sustainable, its use in pulley and other basic instruments made economic development faster. It is an honor that wheal was first invented in Mehrgarh Balochistan. Today’s life of Baloch people in divided and occupied territories, facing actions from the states to keep us away from knowledge, infrastructure, development and unification has resulted in many kinds of our depravations and exploitations and someone coming from today’s developed world of renaissance cannot think about our actual contribution in creation of today’s human civilization. That happened when a French archeologist team in leadership of Mr. Jean Francois Jarrige came to the Mehrgarh in December 1974, he visited archeological sites there and thought that as a connecting corridor the remains of karawans from Mohanjo daro and Harrapa of Indus, Shahr e sokhta of Turkmenia and Mandigak of Kandhar civilization are left here but when he excavated deeper and deeper his team was surprised to find that they are in the remains of the mother of all civilizations of the world. They left all other archeological fields and concentrated only on Mehrgarh and areas around it for last 37 years to work more and more and understand the beginning of human society, social relations, economic activities, geographical linkages and impact of Mother civilizcivilization of Mehrgarh on the neighboring civilizations of Central Asia Iran Afghanistan India and Babylon as its grand children. Paintings on pottery discovered from Mehrgarh Mehrgarh Dastar (turban) on head of our ancestors First human writings in symbols. Baloch women have preserved the patterns and symbols of Mehrgarh the Shaal civilization on their dresses and carpets with the help of embroidery and weaving rugs by colored threads as these are the medium of expression for them instead of canvas, type writers, or computers.
The great Kurd nation is the ancestral or mother nation of Baloch with some of African and Arab additions. Kaldani, Adargani, Naroi, Brahui, Zangana are the major ancient Kurd tribes that are indigenous and have multiplied and developed as the major part of today’s Baloch nation. Balochi and Brahui dialects are also spoken by Kurds till today. Brahui is also called Kurdi or Kurdgali. Few hundred years ago a famous Baloch scholar Akhund Saleh wrote a book ‘Kurdgal Namek’ that contains all the details of these Kurds and their fabulous ameers who lived in a very organized, united and respectable manner from Makran to Central Asia. Kurd ancestors have left their cherished memories as Gabrband the catch dams for water management, Miri the Kurd forts and Karez the underground irrigation channels, these are found all around Makran, Jhalawan, Sarawan, Rakhshan, Sibi and Derajat. Khuzdar and Kalat always have been the capital of Balochistan. Baloch country has always been a welcoming homeland for all Kurd Balochs from Halab Syria
, coast of Caspian Sea, and Mount Alboorz whenever they had serious problems with their neighbor nations. Arrival of these Balochs strengthened local Kurd Baloch’s defensive and economic systems and contributed new shades of culture in the existed rich Kurd Baloch culture. This migration is of internal nature; Kurd Baloch people had issues in their habitats they migrated to Balochistan for a safer life with their own Balochs in majority and stronger position but sometimes historians mistakenly assume any one of these great migrations as the whole Baloch history that needs to be corrected. Balochs are living in Balochistan for thousands of years in a proven sequence of all ages pre Neolithic that is before stone age, Neolithic chalcolithic age when humans domesticated animals and started agriculture, till today’s scientific age, and in all these ages we have created almost same geometric designs as motifs, paintings, embroidery, rugs, carvings so it is not only a proof that we are the creators of Mehrgarh, but it is also a unique journey of creative art for eleven thousand years by Kurd Baloch
women that is mostly made with geometric shapes and permanent colors these colors become more prominent on the rocks when rain falls on these paintings even today. These red and black colors are used in pottery painting in Mehrgarh and many thousand years after in painting of Kurd Baloch heroes and same kind of symbols on rocks in the mountains of Balochistan and Kurdistan.
3-A brief history of resistance against all known invasions and occupations may be added in prologue to show the immensity of Baloch urge for freedom and restoration of our Independent country. Following is suggested to include:
Baloch Resistance History
Baloch has always faced very hard times in history to protect their country and sovereignty. We fought and defeated the Mangols, Greeks, Portuguese, British and now we are fighting against Pakistan and Iran.
. No one succeeded in enslaving us or occupying our country and no one can be because Baloch keeps defense of motherland, culture, and Baloch nation as the first priority, more important than own life.
Mongols conquered a huge part of Asia. There army was thought undefeatable but they could not conquer Balochistan. Memories of that fight are saved in a cave in Pandran near Kalat.
Alexander and his Greek army invaded almost the world but after a fierce fight back from Baloch warriors he had to leave Balochistan, our water was indigestible for him he got very sick and left Balochistan and went back. In fifteenth century European nations were busy in occupying and looting different parts of the world like America Canada Australia Africa and India. Balochistan was also their target. Portuguese navy attacked on the Balochistan’s
coastal cities of Pasni and Gwadar in the leadership of Vasco da gama. Baloch fought with them in leadership of Chief Mir Hammal Jiand Hote and defeated them, arms of Portuguese army snatched by Baloch are still kept in Pasni and one of their cannon is still in Gwadar. The famous series of seven caves of Mir Hammal in the mountain of Battail Gwadar is an astonishing war engineering, as one enters in the first cave in the base of the mountain it opens in the second cave it seems you are going downward, sequence of these seven caves one by one ends in the last seventh cave that opens on the top of the Mount Battail that gives a shocking surprise that only few minutes of walking deep in the caves one after one downwards, end on the top. The top of Mount Battail is a huge fertile plat farm, here clean water to drink and
agriculture is available that served as a safe bunker mount with enough food and water for Baloch to fight for the defense of their country from invading Portuguese armies.
As admiration of bravery and superior war strategies Portuguese made a statue of Mir Hammal Jiand it is still in the Museum of Goa in India.
In late nineteenth century British almost conquered Bengal till Punjab but attack on Balochistan gave them an opposite answer. Marri Baloch fought them at Nafask Kahan defeated British army who left behind there dead bodies and three cannons.
Another historical defeat was given to British General Dire in the mountains and valleys of Taftan by great Balochs and their chiefs Mir Shahsawar, Sardar Khalil Khan, Sardar Jiand Khan by united armies of Gamshadzai, Ismailzai, Yar Mohammadzai and Reki Balochs. British General had to leave the fort of Ladiz, Khwash, Rabat, Mir Jawa, Nusratabad and Kachav.
British spent thirty years to penetrate in Baloch tribes to instigate tribal conflicts by their spies and agents, they succeeded to break our brotherhood and historical unity and a civil war started in Balochistan then British attacked Balochistan again but this time with the support of many Baloch sardars. Baloch King Mir Mehrab Khan fought till last breath along with his companions and martyred. British contacted to the next King of Balochistan called Khan e Kalat to take some strategic areas on lease or rent that links Punjab to Afghanistan.
Khan’s weakened position made him to agree against his and Baloch nation’s will. British signed a number of contracts with Baloch king Khan Khudaidad and took some important strategic areas on lease from him including Shaal (Quetta), Bolan, joined it with the southern part of Afghanistan including Pishin, Chaman, Zhobe occupied by British in the second Afghan war and named this joint Baloch-Pakhtoon area as British Balochistan. As British colonial power made roots deeper in the region they succeeded in dividing Balochistan into four parts; Central part of Balochistan was the only Baloch free country under the rule of Baloch king, Western Balochistan from strait of Hurmag (Hurmuz) Kambaran (Bandar Abbass), Chahbahar, Pahra, Dozzan (Zahedan) Siestan}, was separated by Goldsmith line as a result of declaration of Bompoor conference between Baloch, Gajar (Iran) and British Empire on 1st Dec 1869. Northern part (Nimroz, Hilmund, Rek, Shorawak, Ghoriyaan, kohsaan, gulraan, kalata, pusht e koh) was separated by Durand line and given by the British imperial forces to Afghanistan
under the Anglo-Afghan boundary commission decision in 1896 as bribe to prevent these countries to lobby with Russia and Germany.
The eastern part [Derajat, Khan garh (Jaccobabad) Karachi] was taken on lease and included in British India Eastern Balochistan and British Balochistan was occupied by Pakistan in 1947. On March 27, 1948 Pakistan
army invaded Central Balochistan the last independent part of Balochistan; they arrested the King Khan Ahmad Yar Khan and looted all the royal treasures. Pakistan and Iran
are crushing Baloch by war crimes, including chemical weapons, cluster bombardment on unarmed civilians, poisoning water resources, extra-judicial arrest, torture, killings and public hangings. 14000 Balochs including women and children are missing and thousands of families displaced from homeland that are living in worst health security and livelihood conditions.
Balochs have a history of resistance against any attempt to contain its sovereignty.
1- Wars against Mongol invasion.
2- Wars against Greek invasion.
3-Wars of Mir Hammal Jiand at Gwadar coast against Portuguese 15th century to protect Balochistan.
4-Wars against Afghan invasion on Balochistan
5- War of Marri at Nafask Kahan against British invasion 1826
6- Mir Mehrab Khan fought in defense of Balochistan against
British invasion in Kalat and Martyred.
7- Baloch resistance against declaration of Bampoor conference between Baloch, Persians and British Empire 1st Dec 1869 border demarcation (Goldsmith line) and
withdrawal of Gajar forces from western Balochistan.
8- The revolt of Jask in 1873.-
9- The revolt of Sarhad in 1888.
10- The general uprising in 1889.
11- A major uprising under Baloch chieftain Sardar Hussein Naroui in1896
12- Mir Dost Mohammad’s armed struggle 1928 against Gajar Iran.
13- 1948 Khan of Kalat was arrested and forced to sign instrument of accession to Pakistan prompted a fierce reaction from the Baloch people, who took up arms under the leadership of Prince Abdul Karim then governor of Makran and younger brother of the King.
14- In 1958 the king Khan Ahmad yar Khan was arrested. Against this Nawab Nauroz Khan led rebel he was imprisoned and seven people from his family were executed in the Hyderabad jail.
15-1960 Balochistan Liberation Front fought against Iranian occupation of Balochistan.
16- The resistance movement (1963-1969) led by Mir Sher Muhammad Marri was the continuing expression of Baloch resentment against central rule.
17- In early 1972 Zrombesh was formed by a group of guerrilla fighters. It was led by Mir Rahim Zardkohi and Yar Mohammad Molazai Beywatan. Rahim zardkohi martyred in Pahra in 26 December1979 by Iranian forces.
18- 1973-1977 the first elected Baloch government dissolved by Pakistan
federal government lead Baloch to discard parliamentary politics and start military resistance for freedom.
19- 2000 Mir Balach Marri raised flag of freedom got popularity in Baloch youth. Martyrdom of senior and highly respected Baloch leader Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti fueled the movement a high intensity still going on.
4-Name of Mir Naseer Khan Noori is written as Nasir that needs correction.
5- In Part I The Fundamental Rights describe all aspects of basic human rights in general and religious rights as specific but requires gender equity to be mentioned clearly. Equal rights for men, women and the third gender. Any law or practice that discriminates on bases of gender is unacceptable.
6- In Part IV Meaningful Democracy and Peace, where free media and press, independent judiciary system, free assemblies and associations, equality in economic opportunity, adequate education and multi political parties are mentioned, it would be desirable if gender balanced polices and institutions may also be mentioned.
7- In Part IV Meaningful democracy and Peace, article 27 may include issue of properties acquired through colonial tactics especially in Shaal and Sevi during occupation and now being sold cheaply to non Balochs is unacceptable and this purchasing will have no value.
8-In Part V Constitutional Law and Justice, article 39 says that “Arbitrary deprivation of life by hanging, execution, torture or by any other forms of inhumane practice are contrary to the very spirit of humanity and the Baloch moral codes and values. These inhumane actions will be prohibited absolutely and categorically under the Democratic Republic of Balochistan” It is suggested that death penalty should be totally prohibited and mentioned clearly by any ‘humane’ or ‘inhuman’ way. Today people are giving high value to human life; movements against death penalty are active around the world and succeeded in abolishing it from many civilized countries. Before occupations Baloch laws have no history of death penalty and we must be proudly present it to the world and our coming generations.
9-In Part VI Against Discrimination and for Equal Opportunity, article 43 may change the word sex by gender.
10- In Part VI Against Discrimination and for Equal Opportunity, article 48, CEDAW should also be included. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly.
11- In Part VIII The Sovereign State of Balochistan, article 62 includes women with disabled, senior citizens and children as vulnerable and unrepresented that would not be a real image of women’s powers and ability to change the world. Baloch women are already proving this as forefront activists of present freedom movement. The word “women” should be removed from this article. An article should be added as “ women will have fifty percent representation in all decision making institutions, development plans and actions, education and job opportunities.
12- Part IX Society, Economy and Environment Brahuie should be spelled as Brahui as written and approved by the International conference on Brahui language and literature, Shaal 1997.
13- In part IX article 69 says “Chokkeyn Balochani” is the anthem of Baloch Liberation Struggle. The National anthem of sovereign Balochistan will be chosen and approved by the first constituent Assembly or Balochistan National Assembly. It is suggested that one line” may tursa zami larzit” should be changed now without waiting for the constitutional assembly because zamin is our mother that prays for us she should not be afraid of us, that also gives a negative macho nature unfriendly image of Baloch that is not true.
14- In Part IXart policies and initiatives to ensure 100% education should also be added.
15- In Part IX Preservation of our heritage, Miris, Gabr band, archeological sites such as Mehrgarh, seven caves of Mir Hammal in mount Battail Gwadar and many others should be mentioned.
Thank you and best wishes for success. We shall win our sovereignty back. Struggle till Victory!
Professor Naela Quadri Baloch
World Baloch Women’s Forum
Categories: Professor Quadri's Articles